All use and production of genetically modified organisms that are not contained must be approved for release. Applications for the release of genetically modified organisms are decided by the Norwegian Environment Agency at the Ministry of Climate and Environment.
Anyone who intends to produce and use genetically modified organisms in a manner that is not considered "contained use".
Documentation that must be enclosed with the application is specified in the Regulations relating to impact assessments pursuant to the Gene Technology Act and Regulations relating to the labelling, transport, import and export of genetically modified organisms.
The purpose of the permit is to ensure that the production and use of genetically modified organisms take place in an ethically justifiable and socially acceptable manner, in accordance with the principle of sustainable development and without adverse effects on health and the environment.
With gene technology, it is possible to change the genetic material of an organism, for example, by inserting a new gene. This method is usually called gene modification and creates genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Depending on the characteristics a GMO has been given, this may have a differing impact on the environment which the GMO is released into. Applications for the release of GMOs are therefore considered on a case-by-case basis.